ChromaDex Corp. Has today highlighted a new study from Nature Immunology that found nicotinamide riboside (NR) helped energize tumor infiltrating T-cells (TILs) in samples extracted from mice. In a preclinical mouse model, NR was shown to improve T-cell function, which is a component of new cancer immunotherapies such as PD-1 and PDL-1 inhibitors. These findings lend further data to the potential role of NR in supporting healthy mitochondrial function.
T-cells are immune cells tasked with recognizing and eliminating infected, damaged or cancerous cells. The researchers from the University of Lausanne and the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research found that NR could prevent mitochondrial dysregulation and exhaustion in T-cells. By doing so, NR was also shown to improve T-cell mitochondrial function and responsiveness to anti-PD-1 cancer immunotherapy, a mainstay of cancer treatment approved for use against many solid tumor types. The tumor bearing mice fed with NR experienced less tumor growth, and an additive antitumor effect was observed when NR was combined with immunotherapy.
This research built upon a previous preclinical study, also conducted at the University of Lausanne, that found NR could promote hemopoietic stem cell (HSC) maturation in mice by stimulating mitochondrial function. Immune cells such as T-cells arise from these stem cells, as do essential red blood cells and platelets.
The prior study suggested that NR supplementation could facilitate cancer treatment by preventing myelosuppression in mice, (i.e. depletion of stem cells and all the cells they produce, caused by repeated chemotherapies).
This latest study from NatureImmunology indicates a new potential niche for NR supplementation by suggesting a synergistic effect with T-cell immunotherapies used for many solid tumors. NR has also been shown preclinically to possibly prevent neuropathy caused by paclitaxel, a common chemotherapy used for breast cancer treatment.
More research is required to validate this preclinical data and translate the findings into humans. Over 50 human trials investigating NR’s various health benefits are registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, 11 of which have been peer-reviewed and published through the ChromaDex External Research Program (CERP).
“We’re excited to see the discovery of so many potential applications for NR’s proven ability to promote mitochondrial function,” said Dr. Andrew Shao, ChromaDex Senior Vice President of Global Scientific & Regulatory Affairs. “We know mitochondrial function is essential to the function of energy-expensive cells, including stem cells and immune cells. Their proper function, in turn, may play a key role in avoiding a wide array of diseases, including many cancers. We’re pleased to see that NR can support these essential cells and hope to elucidate its potential in human health and disease with further trials.”
ChromaDex, the exclusive licensee of Dr. Charles Brenner’s patented NR, has invested over $35 million in investigating, manufacturing and offering NR in the form of Niagen and has secured more than 20 patents. ChromaDex has demonstrated the safety and efficacy of Niagen in 11 published human trials (and over 20 additional ongoing studies further evaluating its safety and efficacy) and has achieved government regulatory acceptance in the United States, Canada, the European Union, and Australia.
For additional information about ChromaDex, please visit www.chromadex.com.
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